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With oil prices falling below $50, everybody is closely watching the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (Opec) to see whether the body will be able to bring about any change.

December 9, 2008 7:37 by


Opec was created at the Baghdad Conference on September 10–14, 1960, by Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. The five were later joined by eight other members: Qatar; Indonesia (which will leave Opec at the end of 2008); Libya;the UAE; Algeria; Nigeria; Ecuador (which suspended its membership from 1992-2007) and Angola. The organization had its headquarters in Geneva for five years before moving to Vienna in 1965.

Opec was formed to coordinate and unify petroleum policies among member countries; to secure fair and stable prices for petroleum producers; and to ensure a regular supply of petroleum to consuming nations.


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