Smoking in the region
Tobacco kills more than five million people every year; Gulf nations are taking measures to help people kick the habit.
July 1, 2009 3:49 by Aarti Nagraj
According to WHO, the most popular tobacco products used across the world include:
Manufactured cigarettes consist of shredded or reconstituted tobacco processed with hundreds of chemicals. Often with a filter, they are manufactured by a machine, and are the predominant form of tobacco used worldwide.
Bidis consist of a small amount of tobacco, hand-wrapped in dried temburni leaf and tied with string.
Cigars made of air-cured and fermented tobaccos with a tobacco wrapper, and come in many shapes and sizes, from cigarette sized cigarillos, double coronas, cheroots, stumpen, chuttas and dhumtis.
Kreteks are clove-flavored cigarettes. They contain a wide range of exotic flavorings and eugenol, which has an anaesthetizing effect, allowing for deeper smoke inhalation.
Pipes are made of briar, slate, clay or other substance. Tobacco is placed in the bowl and inhaled through the stem, sometimes through water.
Sticks are made from sun-cured tobacco known as brus and wrapped in cigarette paper.
The water pipe, also known as shisha or hubbly bubbly, is commonly used in North Africa, the Middle East and parts of Asia. It is available in many flavors including fruit, honey and herbs.