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Moroccan king scores landslide win in reform vote
Preliminary results show landslide 98.5 pct victory; Turnout at over 70 percent despite boycott calls; Opponents cry foul, allege vote-rigging; Morocco is ruled by Arab world's longest-serving dynasty - Reuters
July 2, 2011 8:01 by p.deleon
Morocco’s King Mohammed scored a landslide victory in a referendum on a reformed constitution he proposed to placate “Arab Spring” protests as voters defied critics who said it did little to curb his powers.
Preliminary results of Friday’s poll showed 98.5 percent of voters approved the text, Interior Minister Taib Cherkaoui declared on state media, citing returns from 94 percent of polling booths. Final results could take several days.
The charter explicitly grants executive powers to the government but retains the king at the helm of the cabinet, army, religious authorities and the judiciary.
With a turnout put at nearly 73 percent, the result will be seen as a vote of confidence in the leader of the Arab world’s longest-serving dynasty. It will be closely scrutinised by Gulf Arab monarchies who have so far dodged domestic reform calls.
“We knew right from the start that the referendum will be in favour of the reform, but not necessarily for good reasons,” said Ouidad Melhaf, an activist within the so-called “February 20″ street protest movement.
“Widespread poverty, illiteracy and fear of the state played a key role in the vote’s outcome,” she said, saying that the movement would relaunch its regular protests on Sunday.
Others cried foul, questioning why only 13 million voters were registered to vote from a total of nearly 20 million Moroccans of voting age, and disputing the high turnout.
“The turnout figures were rigged,” said Fathallah Arsalane of the Justice and Spirituality Islamist group, banned by the authorities but the largest organised opposition to the king.
“Our activists monitored polling stations throughout the country and what they have seen is far below the figure of the ministry.”
Ali Bouabid, of the executive committee of the main Socialist Union of Popular Forces (USFP) party, queried voting procedures at his local polling station on his Facebook page.
“I handed in my voter’s card and asked if they should verify my identity. I was told ‘we don’t do this’,” he wrote.
WHAT NOW FOR PROTESTERS?
The new constitution preserves a range of privileges for the king, such as dissolving parliament — although not unilaterally as is the case now — and making key public appointments.
It falls far short of the demands of the protest movement, a mix of Islamists and secular left-wingers who want a parliamentary monarchy where powers of the king and a secretive court elite would be kept in check by elected lawmakers.
The movement has failed to attract the mass support of popular uprisings that toppled the leaders of Tunisia and Egypt, and the fact that many Moroccans snubbed its call to boycott the vote could be a further blow to its credibility.
“I voted ‘yes’ because we have to obey the Commander of the Faithful,” retired agriculture ministry engineer Samira Denguir said in the middle-class Hassan suburb of the capital Rabat, referring to the king’s religious role.
“I’m not voting because I couldn’t get my voter card and to be totally honest I couldn’t care less. If they really mean good they would have done it years ago,” said market trader Younes Driouki, 29, heading to the beach with his surfboard.
A staunch Western ally, Morocco has stepped up cooperation against terrorism and illegal migration, notably with the European Union which is keen to avoid the spread of Islamic militancy along its southern shores.
The 47-year-old king has had some success in repairing the legacy of human right abuses, high illiteracy and poverty he inherited after his late father’s 38-year rule ended in 1999. Yet critics say there remains a wide disparity between rich and poor, and complain of human rights and rule of law failings.
(Writing by Mark John; editing by Angus MacSwan)